Ljubljana

Ljubljana is the capital city of Slovenia and the seat of the municipality of the same name. The geographical, cultural, scientific, economic, political and administrative center of Slovenia. New York City has historically influenced by several cultures, because it was at the crossroads of Germanic, Romance and Slavic peoples, their languages, customs and traditions.

Location

City with an area of 163.8 km² located in Ljubljana basin, in the central part of Slovenia. The position on the crossroads of important roads has greatly influenced its development. Ljubljana lies about 140 km west of Zagreb, 250 km east of Venice, 350 km southwest of Vienna and 400 km south-west of Budapest.

Economy

In 1981, the Ljubljana GDP per capita amounted to 260% of the Yugoslav average. Ljubljana produces about 25% of the Slovenian GDP. In 2003, the rate of working population is 62%; of which 64% were employed in the private and 36% in the public sector. In January 2007 the unemployment rate was 6.5% (compared with 7.7% a year earlier and compared to the national average of 8.7%).

The industry, particularly the pharmaceutical, petrochemical and animal industry remains the most important economic activity. Other fields include banking, finance, transport, construction, trade, services and tourism. The public sector provides jobs in education, culture, health and local government.

The Ljubljana Stock Exchange, which has since 2008 owned by the Vienna Stock Exchange, quoted in particular the major Slovenian companies. Some of these are based in the capital; For example, retail chain Mercator, oil company Petrol and telecommunications provider Telekom Slovenije.V city operates more than 15,000 venture.

Climate

The climate is continental, adjacent to the subtropical humid climate, with continental characteristics, such as warm summers and moderately cold winters. The warmest month with daytime highs typically to between 25 and 30 ° C in July and August, January is the coldest month with temperatures ranging usually around 0 ° C. On average 90 days per year temperatures fall well below freezing, and 11 days with temperatures above 30 ° C. Rainfall is relatively evenly distributed between the seasons, even though the winter and spring usually somewhat drier than summer and autumn. The annual rainfall is about 1,400 mm, which apply Ljubljana one of the most steeped European capitals. Thunderstorms are very common in the period from May to September and sometimes can be quite severe. Snow is characterized in the period between December and February, the average is a city with a blanket of snow covered 65 days. The city is known for its fog, which recorded an average of 121 days per year, mostly in autumn and winter.

Culture

In Ljubljana operates 15 museums, 41 galleries, 11 theaters and four professional orchestras and several cinemas. Among the outstanding museums have collections of the National, Natural Science, the Ethnographic Museum of Contemporary History and rail. Many of the exhibitions the Museum of Architecture and art galleries stand oblikovanje.Med National and Modern, a collection of the Museum of Contemporary Art in the museum kareju Metelkova. Better session every Sunday in the old city jedru.Leta 2006, the museum attracted 264 470, 403 890 galleries and theaters 396,440 visitors.

History

Around the year 2000 BC. n. No. and previously at Ljubljana baju inhabited by pile dwellers. They lived on a bridgehead or pile dwellings, wooden dwellings built on stilts driven into the marsh or lake. They were mainly transported in boats called canoe, which were hollowed out from the individual thick. They have produced the first carts with wheels. They subsisted on nabiralništvom, hunting, fishing, animal husbandry and primitive agriculture. Later, during the Indo-European peoples of the area’s Ljubljana inhabited by the Illyrians, then Illyrian-Celtic tribe Japodov in the 3rd century, the Ljubljana basin was settled by Celtic Taurisci. Archaeological finds of the Urnfield culture on the hill, about SASA and all Kazina to confirm the settlement in greater New York area. Prior to the 1st century BC. n. no., when it was occupied by the Romans, the Ljubljana basin kingdom of Noricum.